Arts During the Industrial Revolution
There were many artistic movements during the period of Britain's industrialization, each of which was a reaction to the feelings of the time, as well as to the movement which had preceded it. By the time that the Industrial Revolution really took hold, some artists were at differences with the ideals which it espoused, such as those of discipline, temperance, structure, and views of the Enlightenment. These feelings translated into the Romantic movement, which encouraged individualism, freedom, and emotion.Artistic Movement Some of the Artists Involved
Neo-classicism 1750 to 1820
"The imitation or use primarily of the style and aesthetic principles of ancient Greek and Roman classical art" (Classic, Classical, and Classicism).
John Nash, Jaques-Louis David, John Flaxman, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Antonio Canova, Bertel Thorvaldsen, Horatio Greenough, Hiram Powers.
"Generally characterized by a highly imaginative and subjective approach, emotional intensity, and a dreamlike or visionary quality" (Romanticism).
Edmund Burque, William Blake, Lord Byron, Francisco de Goya, Theodore Gericault, Eugene Delacroix, Samuel Palmer, John Constable, J.M.W Turner, Claude Lorraine.
Realism 1845 to 1900
An attempt to represent figures and objects exactly as they appear in life (Realism).
Gustave Flaubert, Guy de Maupassant, Anton Chekhov, George Eliot, Mark Twain, Henry James, Thomas Eakins, Jean Francois Millet.
Pre-Raphaelite 1850 to 1900
A reaction against Victorian materialism and neo-classicism. Produced earnest, quasi religious works inspired by Mediaeval and early Renaissance painters up to the time of Raphael (Porter).
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais, William Holman Hunt, Edward Coley Burne- Jones, William Morris, John Ruskin, Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin.
Impressionism and Post Impressionism Late Nineteenth Century
Instead of painting an ideal of beauty, the impressionists tried to depict what they saw at a given moment, capturing a fresh, original vision. They often painted out of doors so that they could observe nature more directly and set down its most fleeting aspectsespecially the changing light of the sun (Porter).
Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, Camille Pissaro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, Paul Signac, Henri de Toulouse Lautrec, Georges Seurat.
Romanticism was probably the most important artistic movement to flourish during the Industrial Revolution. It had the most widespread effects on the general population, and its artistic achievements are still admired today.See also: