World after nuclear War

December 9, 2020
Map Of The World After Nuclear
World War 3: What would REALLY happen in a nuclear war, by expertsNuclear war Picture Alamy

The words ‘World War 3’ trended on social media worldwide as tension rose over Turkey shooting down a Russian jet over its airspace.

Just to keep everything calm and civilised, Russian military analyst Pavel Felgenhauer said that nuclear war was now ‘likely’.

There are still a huge number of nuclear weapons in active service – the Arms Control Association estimates that Russia has 7, 700 weapons in service, of which 4, 500 are stockpiled, and 1548 are deployed on missiles and at air bases.

But what would actually happen?

1) We wouldn’t hear a ‘four-minute warning’

The last Seafaring of the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk, 2001 (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

The four minute warning system, a national system of sirens which would have gone off during a nuclear attack was retired in 1992 – one of the reasons being that more people now have double glazing.

2) Instead, you will probably get a text message

(Picture: Getty Images)

The last Seafaring of the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk, 2001. Found in the collection of the State Central Navy Museum, St. Petersburg. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)The government has tested technology which would deliver a text message warning of disasters such as nuclear attacks.

The system, drawn up by the National Security Council, was tested in Glasgow and Yorkshire in 2013.

3) By the time you get the message, there may be little you can do

Picture Getty

As yet, there is no technology which can stop an intercontinental ballistic missile – so the most many of us could hope for would be time to get indoors.

Even during the time of the ‘four minute’ warning, the warning would probably have offered just three minutes.

4) If you’re near the bomb, there won’t be much left of you

Witnesses of the Hiroshima attack said that people near the centre of the blast ‘vanished’.

William Burchett said, ‘Of thousands of others, nearer the centre of the explosion, there was no trace. They vanished. The theory in Hiroshima is that the atomic heat was so great that they burned instantly to ashes – except that there were no ashes.’

The bomb dropped on Hiroshima was a fraction of the size of the hydrogen warheads now used by Russia and the U.S.

An Apple Inc. iPhone 6S smartphone is held for an arranged photograph in Hong Kong, China, on Friday, Sept. 25, 2015. The latest models, following last year's hugely popular design overhaul that added bigger screens, may not match the success of previous releases, according to analysts. Photographer: Xaume Olleros/Bloomberg via Getty Images5) Hydrogen bombs could devastate entire cities

The effects of the first atomic bomb

Nearly six million people dead, homes flattened and millions more poisoned by a huge plume of radioactive poison which would spread for 130 miles.

An app by Alex Wellerstein at the Stevens Institute of Technology, Nuke Map, shows what could happen if the largest Soviet hydrogen bomb ever detonated was dropped on London.

Destruction would spread from Horsham in the South to Luton in the north – and casualties would spiral after the initial blast killed and injured nearly 10 million people.

6) Large-scale nuclear war could devastate the entire world

(Picture: SSPL/Getty)

In 1979, the U.S. Congress’s Office of Technology published a report called The Effects of War, which envisaged the impact of an all-out nuclear attack.

The consequences would be disastrous – with hundreds of millions of people dead, and more facing cancer and radiation sickness.

The OTA envisaged up to 80% of the population of the U.S. being killed immediately, with further casualties from radiation.

7) The first impacts wouldn’t be the worst part

View of Hiroshima after the dropping of the atom bomb on August 6, 1945. August 1945 Picture Getty

A British government broadcast, recorded to be broadcast in the event of nuclear war, said, ‘This is the Wartime Broadcasting Service. This country has been attacked with nuclear weapons… Remember there is nothing to be gained by trying to get away. By leaving your homes you could be exposing yourself to greater danger.If you leave, you may find yourself without food, without water, without accommodation and without protection. Radioactive fall-out, which follows a nuclear explosion, is many times more dangerous if you are directly exposed to it in the open….’

Picture Getty UNITED STATES - DECEMBER 01: The mushroom cloud produced by the first explosion by the Americans of a hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the South Pacific. Known as Operation Ivy, this test represented a major step forwards in terms of the destructive power achievable with atomic weapons. The hydrogen, or fusion, bomb used a fission device similar to those dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of World War II, detonated inside a container containing deuterium. The high temperatures involved set off a fusion reaction in the deterium, releasing vast amounts of energy. The yield of the weapon was 10.4 megatonnes, more than the total of all the high explosive detonated in the entire duration of the Second World War. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images) View of Hiroshima after the dropping of the atom bomb on August 6, 1945. August 1945. The atomic bomb øLittle Boyø was dropped on Hiroshima by an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets, directly killing an estimated 80,000 people. By the end of the year, injury and radiation brought the total number of deaths to 90,000-166,000. Hiroshima, Japan. (Photo By Galerie Bilderwelt/Getty Images) U.S. Navy nuclear test, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands (Picture Getty)
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