Exploring the Louisiana Purchase map

June 18, 2012
Slide 5
Lewis and Clark were joined in North Dakota by the Shoshone Indian guide, interpreter, and negotiator Sacajawea (1788-1812) and her newborn son, called Jean Baptiste (his nickname was Little Pomp). She traveled with the expedition westward to the Pacific Ocean and back to North Dakota. As a young girl, Sacagawea had been kidnapped by the Hidatsa Indians, and was later sold to the French-Canadian fur trader Toussaint Charbonneau. Charbonneau then married Sacagawea. Charbonneau and Sacagawea (who was then pregnant) were hired to help guide the Lewis and Clark expedition. Sacagawea brought her newborn boy along on the journey. William Clark documented Sacagawea's extensive contributions to the expedition, and later cared for her son in his home in St. Louis, Missouri. A golden Sacagawea dollar coin was introduced in the USA in 2000.

Lewis and Clark's journey took 2 years, 4 months, and 10 days; they covered over 8, 000 miles. Their expedition was the first to describe the grizzly bear; they also sent a prairie dog back to President Jefferson (these animals were not previously known to Europeans). Upon their return as heroes, Jefferson named Clark the Indian agent for the West, and he appointed Lewis as Governor of the new Louisiana Territory (but Lewis died soon after).

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